LÉVI, ISRAEL (1856–1939), chief rabbi of France, scholar, and writer. Lévi graduated from the Ecole Rabbinique in his native Paris. He was appointed assistant rabbi in Paris in 1882, and began teaching Jewish history at the Ecole Rabbinique in 1892 and Talmud and rabbinic literature at the Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes in 1896. When the Société des Etudes Juives was founded in 1880, Lévi became its secretary. In 1886 he was appointed editor of the revue des etudes juives . He participated in the publication of the French Bible translation, the so-called Bible du Rabbinat (2 vols., 1899–1906), which was edited by his father-in-law zadoc kahn and Julien Weill (1906). From 1919 to 1938 Lévi served as chief rabbi of the French central Consistoire. Lévi's contributions to modern Jewish scholarship covered a wide range, from Bible, Apocrypha, Talmud, and Midrash to liturgy and history – that of the Jews of France in particular. He was a regular contributor to learned periodicals, especially the Revue des Etudes Juives, where he also proved himself an expert and painstaking reviewer of almost every publication in the field of Jewish and Hebrew scholarship. Lévi's approach to biblical and talmudic research was without dogmatic prejudice, but he shied away from the radicalism of the higher and lower Bible criticism (cf. his study on the Nash papyrus, in REJ, 46 (1903), 212–7). His main published works include Le Roman d'Alexandre (1887), L'Ecclesiastique… (1898–1901; The Hebrew Text of the Book of Ecclesiasticus, 1904), Le Péché originel dans les anciennes sources juives (1907), and Histoire des Juifs de France (1903). On the occasion of his 70th birthday, Lévi was honored by the publication of "Mélanges offerts à Israël Lévi" (in REJ, 86 (1926), 9–29, incl. bibl.). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: J. Miklishanski, in: S. Federbusch (ed.), Ḥokhmat Yisrael be-Ma'arav Eiropah, 1 (1958), 297–309. (Jacques K. Mikliszanski)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Levi, Israel — (1856 1939)    French rabbi. He was born in Paris. He began teaching Jewish history at the Ecole Rabbinique in 1892, and the Talmud and rabbinic literature at the Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes in 1896. In 1886 he became editor of the Revue des …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Israel Levi — Israël Lévi Israël Lévi (Paris, 1856 1939) fut le grand rabbin de France de 1920 à 1939, et l un des plus grands érudits du judaïsme français de la seconde génération. Sommaire 1 Le responsable communautaire 2 L érudit du judaïsme 3 Annexes …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Levi Yitzhok de Berditchev — …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Israël Lévi — …   Wikipédia en Français

  • LEVI BEN GERSHOM — (1288–1344; acronym: RaLBaG; also called Maestre Leo de Bagnols; Magister Leo Hebraeus; Gersonides), mathematician, astronomer, philosopher, and biblical commentator, born probably at Bagnols sur Cèze (Languedoc – now département du Gard, France) …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • LEVI — (Heb. לֵוִי), third son of Jacob and Leah, born in Paddan Aram (Gen. 29:34); father of the tribe named after him. The name Levi is explained in the Pentateuch by Leah s words at his birth: Now this time my husband will become attached to me (Heb …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Levi Eshkol — 4.º primer ministro de Israel 16 de junio de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Levi Eshkol — 1947 Levi Eschkol (hebräisch ‏לוי אשכול‎, ursprünglich Levi Schkolnik; * 25. Oktober 1895 in Oratowo bei Kiew (Ukraine); † 26. Februar 1969 in Jerusalem) war von 1963 an der dritte Ministerpräsident Israels …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • LEVI ISAAC BEN MEIR OF BERDICHEV — (c. 1740–1810), ḥasidic ḥaddik and rabbi; one of the most famous personalities in the third generation of the ḥasidic movement. Levi   Isaac was born into a distinguished rabbinic family and his father was rabbi in Hoshakov (Galicia). After… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Levi Eshkol — verso d une pièce de 5 Shekel, édition s …   Wikipédia en Français

Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»